Justices of the Peace

Duties and Responsibilities

A justice of the peace has the authority to:

  • Administer oaths
  • Conduct preliminary hearings
  • Issue warrants for search and arrest
  • Serve as a coroner in counties where there is no provision for a medical examiner
  • Serve as an administrative court judge for a variety of miscellaneous court procedures
  • Serve as a trial court judge for Class C misdemeanors

Civil Suits

The Justice Court also functions as a small claims court in civil matters in which exclusive jurisdiction is not in district or county court and the amount in controversy does not exceed $10,000. This also includes eviction suits.


There are four justice of the peace precincts: